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Język angielski, matura 2017 - poziom rozszerzony - pytania i odpowiedzi

DATA: 8 maja 2017 r.
CZAS PRACY: 150 minut
Formuła od 2015 "nowa matura".

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Zadanie 1. (0–3)
Uruchamiając odtwarzacz usłyszysz dwukrotnie trzy teksty. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią nagrania.
Zadanie 1.1.
Tekst 1.
The news item is about
Zadanie 1.2.
Tekst 2.
The woman is talking to
Zadanie 1.3.
Tekst 3.
Which of the following is stated in the text as a fact, not an opinion?
Zadanie 2. (0–4)
Uruchamiając odtwarzacz usłyszysz dwukrotnie cztery wypowiedzi na temat billboardów przy drogach. Do każdej wypowiedzi dopasuj odpowiadające jej zdanie (A–E).
Uwaga: jedno zdanie zostało podane dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnej wypowiedzi.

This speaker mentions
A. an unauthorized practice adopted by billboard owners.
B. legislation implemented to follow a foreign example.
C. a change in his/her habits triggered by a billboard.
D. people who benefited financially from the removal of billboards.
E. an eye-catching billboard leading to a serious accident.
Zadanie 2.1.
wypowiedź 1
Zadanie 2.2.
wypowiedź 2
Zadanie 2.3.
wypowiedź 3
Zadanie 2.4.
wypowiedź 4
Zadanie 3. (0–5)
Uruchamiając odtwarzacz usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad z kobietą, która zmieniła swój styl życia. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią nagrania.
Zadanie 3.1.
Why did Noelle decide to change her life?
Zadanie 3.2.
What does Noelle say about her New York friends?
Zadanie 3.3.
Which is TRUE about life on the island?
Zadanie 3.4.
Which of the following does Noelle mention as an option for the future?
Zadanie 3.5.
Answering the last question, Noelle encourages listeners to
Zadanie 4. (0–4)
Przeczytaj teksty o trzech miastach dbających o ekologię (A–C) oraz zdania ich dotyczące. Do każdego zdania dopasuj właściwy tekst.
Uwaga: jeden tekst pasuje do dwóch zdań.


  1. Vancouver, Canada
    Regularly performing well in worldwide “livable city” rankings, Vancouver has a new ambitious goal of becoming “the greenest city in the world” by 2020. Now, the city leads the world in hydroelectric power and regularly uses wind, solar and wave power. Thanks to numerous bike lanes, public transport services relying largely on electric trolley buses, and the widespread use of LED for street lighting, Vancouver has the lowest carbon emissions on the continent, outracing other major cities which failed to introduce equally effective solutions. It has also introduced a strict green code that all current residential construction developments must conform to.

  2. Oslo, Norway
    With more than two-thirds of its municipality covered in forest, waterways and agricultural land, Oslo is one of Europe’s leading sustainable cities. Examples of pioneering practices include: intelligent lighting that dims when the weather and flow rate of vehicles permit, and eco-certification of work places involving 43,000 employees in companies, schools and kindergartens. Another green idea is the use of municipal waste to recover energy to heat offices and residential buildings. In fact, the city’s heating system is powered mainly by renewable energy, which annually saves carbon emissions equivalent to 60,000 vehicles.

  3. Curitiba, Brazil
    Named the “Best Place to Live in Brazil,” Curitiba is regularly praised for its sustainability and conservation efforts. There are more than 52 square metres of green space per person, which means 1.5 million trees and a network of 28 parks. Some 2.3 million people a day use Curitiba’s fast transit service based on buses – a model of efficiency eagerly adopted by many other cities including Los Angeles. Ninety percent of residents recycle their garbage and the city officials have come up with an innovative program that allows each citizen to exchange trash for fruit and vegetables from the local farmers’ market. This has greatly minimized litter and waste especially in the poor sections of Curitiba.
adapted from http://tietkiemnangluong.com
Zadanie 4.1.
This city rewards eco-friendly behaviour with fresh produce.
Zadanie 4.2.
In this city, street lamps adjust their brightness to road conditions.
Zadanie 4.3.
This city has implemented eco-friendly building standards for new housing projects.
Zadanie 4.4.
Public transport in this city was an inspiring example for others.
Zadanie 5. (0–4)
Przeczytaj tekst, z którego usunięto cztery zdania. Wybierz w luki litery, którymi oznaczono brakujące zdania (A–E), tak aby otrzymać logiczny i spójny tekst.
Uwaga: jedno zdanie zostało podane dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnej luki.

The remains of a woolly mammoth recently discovered in Siberia could be the best hope yet for scientists aiming to clone the massive, long-extinct beast.
Zadanie 5.1.
In May 2013, scientists from the Siberian Northeastern Federal University reached a small island in the far north of Siberia, as there were rumours that a mammoth was lying under the ice there. But when the researchers dug further, they found an almost complete mammoth, with three legs, most of the body, part of the head and the trunk still intact. During the excavations, they saw dark red smudges on the animal’s skin, which they thought might be mammoth blood.
Zadanie 5.2.
The researchers then took the body to Yakutsk in Russia, where a group of experts had only three days to thoroughly examine the specimen before it was refrozen to prevent rotting. Further tests conducted on the mammoth’s teeth revealed it was likely to have been in its mid-50s. While scientists were examining the elbow of the mammoth, blood samples were collected. Unlike humans and other mammals, mammoths evolved a cold-resistant form of hemoglobin, which enabled them to survive in the near-freezing temperatures during the Ice Age.
Zadanie 5.3.
The discovery of the mammoth might be the key element enabling scientists to clone that extinct species. But whether or not Buttercup can be brought back to life is another matter. Previously found mammoths looked exceptionally well-preserved but have yielded only a few dried specks of blood, and none of them had enough intact DNA for a cloning experiment.
Zadanie 5.4.
So far, the team hasn’t found a complete copy of the mammoth’s genome. But Buttercup’s tissue has revealed some very long fragments of DNA that could potentially be pieced together to recreate the genome. For example, George Churchen from Harvard University hopes that combining DNA from Buttercup with DNA from modern-day elephants will allow for that. However, the experiments have not produced any decisive results yet.
adapted from www.foxnews.com
brakujące zdania (A–E)

A. The team used carbon dating and determined that the mammoth, nicknamed Buttercup, lived about 40,000 years ago.

B. To make this bold dream a reality, a complete copy of DNA is essential.

C. Based on their condition, scientists determined that Buttercup was probably not in the best of health when she died but a more detailed genetic analysis is necessary.

D. And even if a complete sample of undamaged DNA can’t be found, there may be other ways to clone a mammoth.

E. At first, they saw only parts of two giant tusks sticking out of the ground. 

Zadanie 6. (0–5)
Przeczytaj dwa teksty związane z diamentami. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu.
Tekst 1.

Mr F. led me across the long stretch of jungle and deserted hilly terrain. The earth trembled every few minutes, with me on its surface. “You can see now why Krakatoa was always considered unfit to live on. That’s the peculiar thing about nature,” explained Mr F. “It guards its rarest treasures with the greatest care. This noisy and fearful volcano has a mine at its feet. I am now leading you there.” With considerable difficulty we reached the foot of the volcano. We were suddenly standing on a piece of ground which didn’t move. At last! Feeling dizzy and weary, I was grateful to Mr F. for bringing me to a bench on this motionless piece of earth. I sat down and took a deep breath. The tension disappeared. Mr F. sat beside me for a while and then suggested that we get going. It took us about ten minutes to get to an entrance in the wall of the mountain, the entrance covered up by an old wooden door from a ship. Mr F. took out two pairs of glasses with dark lenses. “You’ll need these,” he explained, “and whatever you do, do not remove them while in the mines.”

As soon as I entered the mine, I understood why the ground above it was such a peaceful retreat in this rumbling landscape. The walls, the floor, the ceiling were hewn out of the hardest of all minerals: pure, dazzling diamond. I walked up to my ankles in diamond pebbles. The floor was covered with diamonds as big as cobblestones, diamonds in their cleanest state, ready to be cut. If the famous Jonkers’ diamond, one of the largest ever found, had been tossed on the brilliant floor of the Krakatoa mine, it would have been as impossible to find as a grain of salt in a bag of sugar.

I was naturally astounded. I had seen pictures of the famous salt mines of Poland and the crystal caves of Bermuda. Here was a sight a thousand times more blinding, more awe-inspiring; a sight to make reality of the most imaginative fairy tale.

I greedily picked up some of the jewels letting the smaller ones slip through my fingers. I couldn’t resist taking the biggest diamond in my hands. It was the size of a baseball. I suddenly felt like a small child let loose in a candy shop. I put the diamond away reluctantly.

“May I have a handful of these?” I asked pointing to the diamond pebbles at my feet. My voice was trembling.

“Sure,” he said, “fill your pockets with them if you wish.”
adapted from The Twenty-One Balloons by William Pène du Bois
Zadanie 6.1.
In the first paragraph, we learn that the narrator
Zadanie 6.2.
Looking at the diamonds in the mine, the narrator
Tekst 2.


Everybody knows the slogan “A Diamond Is Forever”, but have you ever wondered about its origin? Here is the story.

Until the late nineteenth century, diamonds were found only in India and Brazil, and the entire world production of gem diamonds amounted to a few pounds a year. In 1870, however, huge diamond deposits were discovered in South Africa, where diamonds were soon being scooped out by the ton. The British financiers who had founded the South African mines quickly realized that their investment was endangered. They knew that diamond prices depended almost entirely on their scarcity so they feared that diamonds might become at best only semiprecious gems.

They needed something which would boost the demand for the stone. Help came in 1938 from a leading diamond merchandiser who launched well-orchestrated advertising and public-relations campaigns which aimed at creating emotional and romantic feelings towards diamonds. The skilful marketing enhanced the notion that diamonds were a gift of love: the larger and finer the diamond, the greater the love expressed. In three years diamond sales were up by 50%, but the merchandiser still needed a slogan that would express both the theme of romance and legitimacy. In 1947 the now classic slogan “A Diamond Is Forever” was coined. This immediately spurred even more sales. The implied durability of a diamond conveyed the meaning that marriage is forever.

The expression “a diamond is forever” is, however, more than just a catchy marketing slogan. Diamonds undoubtedly are the hardest of all gemstones. They have incredibly strong atom bonds because they are made up of carbon. Being the smallest of the atoms that can be bonded, carbon atoms fit together more tightly than atoms of any other element. Once these atoms have been compressed at high enough temperatures to form a diamond, they are literally bound forever, like marriage should be.
adapted from www.thediamondauthority.org
Zadanie 6.3.
Which of the following sentences is TRUE?
Zadanie 6.4.
The writer’s intention in the last paragraph is
Zadanie 6.5.
Both texts
Zadanie 7. (0–4)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst.
Zadanie 7.1.
Would you give up your beloved family pet to get a better deal when selling your home? An Australian family managed to add an extra $140,000 to the asking price for their house by including their cat in the deal.
Zadanie 7.2.
When Michael and Fran Perceval’s home failed at an auction, they were worried. However, once the auction came to an end, an offer of $2.2 million was received, insisting the Percevals’ cat, Tiffany, came with the house. The owners admitted that all the people visiting the property loved her.
Zadanie 7.3.
The couple even joked with the agent that the cat could be treated as an add-on, not expecting at all that the animal might be a decisive .
Zadanie 7.4.
The extra money clinched the deal and the five-bedroom house was sold with the cat. Reports say that the Percevals describe themselves as animal lovers, but it would be interesting to know Tiffany feels the same.
adapted from www.newsinlevels.com
Zadanie 8. (0–4)
Przeczytaj tekst. Uzupełnij każdą lukę jednym wyrazem, tak aby powstał spójny i logiczny tekst. Wymagana jest pełna poprawność gramatyczna i ortograficzna wpisywanych wyrazów.
Zadanie 8.1.
The Make-A-Wish charity is celebrating another anniversary this month. it began in 1980, it has granted 250,000 wishes in the US. The wish-granting movement started in Arizona when two law enforcement agents learned about Chris, a seriously ill seven-year-old boy who yearned to be a police officer.
Zadanie 8.2.
They took the boy to their headquarters, where he was given a badge, a uniform specially made fit his size, and was solemnly sworn in as the department’s honorary officer.
Zadanie 8.3.
The charity has spread to every state and around the globe. More than 334,000 wishes have granted worldwide so far, funded entirely through private donations and corporate sponsors.
Zadanie 8.4.
The charity also boasts the support of many celebrities, including Beyoncé, Meryl Streep and John Grisham, help has been invaluable for making children’s dreams come true.
adapted from www.goodnewsnetwork.org
Zadanie 9. (0–4)
Wykorzystując wyrazy podane drukowanymi literami, uzupełnij każde zdanie z luką, tak aby zachować sens zdania wyjściowego. W każdą lukę można wpisać maksymalnie pięć wyrazów, wliczając wyraz już podany. Wymagana jest pełna poprawność ortograficzna i gramatyczna wpisywanych fragmentów zdań.
Uwaga: nie zmieniaj formy podanych wyrazów.
Zadanie 9.1.
I can’t wait to see my boyfriend again.
I my boyfriend again.
Zadanie 9.2.
Could you watch over my backpack while I’m swimming in the lake?
Could you my backpack while I’m swimming in the lake?
Zadanie 9.3.
I regret not seeing the Great Wall of China on my last business trip.
I the Great Wall of China on my last business trip.
Zadanie 9.4.
The actress didn’t want anybody to recognize her, so she decided to wear a wig.
The actress decided to wear a wig to .


1. Odpowiedź uznaje się za poprawną tylko wtedy, gdy wpisywane wyrazy lub fragmenty zdań są w pełni poprawne gramatycznie i ortograficznie. Nie bierze się pod uwagę zapisu wielką/małą literą oraz powtórzenia wyrazu podanego przed luką/po luce. Wyjątkiem są słowa, które muszą być pisane po angielsku wielką literą np. Monday, July. W takiej sytuacji brak wielkiej litery jest traktowany jako błąd ortograficzny.

2. Akceptowane są również inne odpowiedzi, jeżeli są merytorycznie poprawne i spełniają wszystkie warunki zadania.

Zadanie 10. (0–13)
Wypowiedz się na jeden z poniższych tematów. Wypowiedź powinna zawierać od 200 do 250 słów i spełniać wszystkie wymogi typowe dla formy wskazanej w poleceniu. Zaznacz temat, który wybrałeś(-aś), zakreślając jego numer.

1. Napisz rozprawkę, w której przedstawisz dobre i złe strony występowania dzieci w programach telewizyjnych typu talent show.

2. Wiele osób nie przestrzega podstawowych zasad bezpieczeństwa podczas górskich wycieczek. Napisz artykuł, w którym zrelacjonujesz niebezpieczną sytuację, która wynikła z lekkomyślnego zachowania turystów, i przedstawisz swój pomysł kampanii promującej odpowiedzialne zachowanie w górach.



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