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Język angielski, matura 2015 - poziom rozszerzony - pytania i odpowiedzi

DATA: 6 maja 2015 r.
CZAS PRACY: 150 minut
Formuła od 2015 "nowa matura".

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Zadanie 1. (0–3)
Uruchamiając odtwarzacz usłyszysz dwukrotnie trzy teksty. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią nagrania.
Zadanie 1.1.
Tekst 1.
When talking to a friend, the woman
Zadanie 1.2.
Tekst 2.
What is the speaker doing?
Zadanie 1.3.
Tekst 3.
Which of the following is stated in the text as an opinion, not a fact?
Zadanie 2. (0–4)
Uruchamiając odtwarzacz usłyszysz dwukrotnie cztery wypowiedzi na temat schronisk dla zwierząt. Do każdej wypowiedzi dopasuj odpowiadające jej zdanie (A–E).
Uwaga: jedno zdanie zostało podane dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnej wypowiedzi.

This speaker mentions
A. ideas for entertaining animals living in a shelter.
B. an amount of money already donated to finance an animal shelter.
C. animals placed in a shelter temporarily.
D. legislation which will soon be introduced.
E. the need to change current legislation concerning cruelty to animals.
Zadanie 2.1.
Wypowiedź 1
Zadanie 2.2.
Wypowiedź 2
Zadanie 2.3.
Wypowiedź 3
Zadanie 2.4.
Wypowiedź 4
Zadanie 3. (0–5)
Uruchamiając odtwarzacz usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad z profesorem Thomasem Jacksonem na temat lądowania na Księżycu. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią nagrania.
Zadanie 3.1.
The spacesuits which the astronauts wore
Zadanie 3.2.
John Young’s shadow in the photograph does not appear natural because
Zadanie 3.3.
According to Professor Jackson, the Moon rock samples brought back by Apollo
Zadanie 3.4.
The Soviets gave up the idea of landing on the Moon because
Zadanie 3.5.
In the interview, Professor Jackson
Zadanie 4. (0–4)
Przeczytaj tekst, który został podzielony na trzy części (A–C) oraz pytania go dotyczące. Do każdego pytania dopasuj właściwą część tekstu.
Uwaga: jedna część tekstu pasuje do dwóch pytań.
In which paragraph does the author mention
Zadanie 4.1.
the inconveniences which cinema-goers have to put up with?
Zadanie 4.2.
typical distractions which might occur when we watch a movie on a plane?
Zadanie 4.3.
an opportunity to judge fellow passengers’ choice of films?
Zadanie 4.4.
taking pleasure in something she usually avoids?


by Catherine Shoard

adapted from www.theguardian.com

A. Thirty thousand feet up, you are both God and ant. You survey the world beneath you as attentive staff serve refreshments and snacks. And yet you have no control over your own fate. You can’t exit and you can’t turn back. You are a hostage, at the mercy of others. Shocking as it may seem, this is what makes me love long flights, and especially watching movies on them. You have just a few options so you watch whatever is on, guilt-free. That’s how I have seen most romantic comedies in my life. I generally consider them a waste of time and at home I do all I can not to watch them, but in the air they become a true source of enjoyment.

B. The regulations or personal tastes of the programme planners who work for airlines are a mystery to me. The choice often seems quite random. Just looking through the lists of what Air Canada considers avant-garde, contemporary or a new release is an entertainment in itself. But surely there are some guidelines, probably something like: if a film can’t cope with being viewed on a tiny screen, interrupted with beeps, meals, safety announcements and sudden drops in altitude, it has no place on a plane.

C. There are some advantages, though. The movie goes straight from your individual screen into your brain, unfiltered by environmental factors. There are no strangers obstructing the view of the screen to those in the stalls behind, a partner commenting on the scene or kids munching popcorn. And while it’s rude to stare at what the commuter sitting next to you on the tube is watching or reading, on a plane you just can’t avoid it. Pop to the bathroom and as you return, you have no choice but to evaluate the personal taste of other travellers, whether you like it or not.
Zadanie 5. (0–4)
Przeczytaj tekst, z którego usunięto cztery fragmenty. Wybierz w luki litery, którymi oznaczono brakujące fragmenty (A–E), tak aby otrzymać logiczny i spójny tekst.
Uwaga: jeden fragment został podany dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnej luki.
Zadanie 5.1.
The modern map is no longer a printed publication we struggle with on a mountain peak, but digital, data-rich and dynamic. Thanks to satellite navigation, GPS-enabled smartphones, social networking and 3D visualisation technology, maps are becoming almost unlimited in their functionality and capable of incorporating real-time updates. For instance, tourists will be able to plan their trips by using their phones to project a 3D map onto a wall.
Zadanie 5.2.
Then they’ll be able to manipulate it remotely with their fingers, adding layers of information such as landmarks, restaurants, recommendations from friends, as well as transport links and times. As digital maps can now be linked to an almost infinite number of data sets, they’re also going to become more personalised. Cyclists or surfers, for example, will be able to add whatever information they find relevant. And soon we may not only be visualising maps. This kind of function in a map would also be an obvious advantage for people whose sight is impaired.
Zadanie 5.3.
Not only does geo-location help us know where we are and what there is of interest around us, it can also show us where everyone else is, and what they think is useful and interesting. Consequently, we receive real-time alerts from fellow drivers, and hopefully enjoy a less frustrating journey. In my area, over 1,500 motorists drove 105,000 miles and posted and shared 528 road alerts in the last week alone.
Zadanie 5.4.
Of course, a system based on collecting data from users’ posts works better when more people take part, so if the number is smaller, it might not always be 100% reliable. National emergency services spring to mind first when one thinks of the users of the more precise, dynamically-updated maps which are currently available.

While new interaction technologies are making maps richer, there is still one underlying theme uniting all maps throughout history – location. We’ll always need to know where we are.
adapted from www.bbc.co.uk
A. Thus, maps are becoming social. Many navigation applications for mobile phones are incorporating live updates from their community of users to give commuters tips on how to avoid traffic jams.

B. And in the years to come the way we interact with maps will undergo even more transformations.

C. It’s said that about one billion hours of travel time and 3.5 billion litres of fuel are saved globally due to improved navigation.

D. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that such services can improve the accuracy of maps to the benefit of all.

E. They may be talking to us, too. Words are sometimes better than pictures, particularly if you don’t want to keep stopping to look at your smartphone.

Zadanie 6. (0–5)
Przeczytaj dwa teksty na temat pracy. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu.

Tekst 1.

When I finally decided to give up busking, I felt a mixture of emotions. Part of me was angry, however, another part of me began to see I had an opportunity to put the past behind me. I knew I couldn’t carry on singing on street corners all my life. I had to move on.

That was all very well in theory, of course. But no one was going to give me a job. It wasn’t because I was stupid, I knew that. Thanks to the IT work I’d done when I was a teenager back in Australia, I was fairly knowledgeable when it came to computers. But I didn’t have any relevant experience in the UK to rely on and if a prospective employer asked me where I’d spent the past ten years, I wouldn’t be able to say I’d been working for Google or Microsoft. So I had to forget that. There wasn’t even any point in my applying to do a training course in computing because they wouldn’t accept me. I had been homeless for years and didn’t even have an O level to my name.

I realised that there was only one option – selling the Big Issue1. I didn’t have the luxury of waiting for something else to turn up. So the next day I set off for Covent Garden. I had to find Sam, the area’s Big Issue coordinator.

Selling the Big Issue is not easy. People often come up to you and say “get a job”. They think that the sellers are given the magazines for free but it’s not the case. The philosophy of the Big Issue is “you have to have money to make money”. You get a small number of free magazines only on the first day. Once you’ve sold them, you purchase further copies for £1.25 and sell them for £2.50, thereby making a £1.25 income per copy. You need to plan carefully how many magazines you buy every day because if you make no money, you can’t afford copies to sell the next day.

I had tried it once, yet, for me it hadn’t worked out. I gave it up after a few months but I could still remember some of the grim, monotonous days I’d spent trying to tempt Londoners to part with their cash in return for a magazine. But I’d been invisible. They would turn their backs on me or do all they could to avoid me. That’s why I’d turned to busking, at least then I had my music to attract people’s attention.

I wouldn’t have considered going back to selling the Big Issue if it hadn’t been for my cat, Bob. He had transformed my fortunes on the street incredibly. If I could do as well selling the Big Issue as I’d done busking with Bob, then my life would take a turn for the better.

1Big Issue – a magazine published on behalf of and sold by homeless people.

adapted from A Street Cat Named Bob by James Bowen
Zadanie 6.1.
In the second paragraph, the narrator explains why
Zadanie 6.2.
People who sell the Big Issue in the street
Zadanie 6.3.
When the narrator recalls his first experience of selling the Big Issue, he mentions

Tekst 2.

Gazing out on a sunny summer day from behind the office desks, there are few people who have never thought of being a river guide or a rancher. For many dog lovers, those outdoorsy dreams concern dog walking.

It’s a common misconception that dog walking is undemanding. No doubt this illusion stems from the humble beginnings of the profession. Once upon the 1960s, people simply paid the kid down the street a dollar to take Fido out for them. As we’ve packed ourselves into tighter urban spaces with growing crime rates and heavier traffic, the risks involved in a kid walking Fido no longer allow for that solution. But pet owners have even less time and available space to walk Fido, who still needs regular, vigorous exercise beyond what he can get in our small backyards. That’s why professional dog walking was born. And a professional is what it takes to safely navigate six to eight unruly dogs through heavily used natural spaces.

Unaware of the hardships, many walkers start out with the experience of walking their own pets. Soon they realize the job involves more than it’s commonly believed. It starts with having the appropriate licences. It’s about interacting skillfully with other trail users and knowing what to do if a fight breaks out. Bad weather brings its own set of trials such as cleaning up soaked and muddy pets. That, however, is not all there is to dog walking. Most of all, it is a business like any other and as such it involves paperwork, customer service, accounting, and an endless list of rules and regulations most of us are not aware of.

Still, a lot of dog walkers think they have the best job in the world. One former lawyer once told me, “My worst day on the trail is better than the best day in my old job.”
adapted from www.dogtec.org
Zadanie 6.4.
One of the reasons why professional dog walking started was that
Zadanie 6.5.
In the third paragraph, the author
Zadanie 7. (0–4)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst.
Zadanie 7.1.
Television advertisements are typically skipped, but when itto Super Bowl commercials, that’s not the case. The vast majority of Super Bowl spectators are Americans, and they eagerly await breaks in the big game to see which commercials impress them the most.
Zadanie 7.2.
In the days to follow, national surveys will judge which advertisement carried the best viewer response. Over the past decades ads an increasingly significant aspect of the event.
Zadanie 7.3.
Sometimes they are discussed even more than the game .
adapted from www.people.howstuffworks.com
Zadanie 7.4.
Which commercials cost the most to make? Which ones were surprisingly cheap? These are the two most frequently asked questions. the answers, one of the most popular commercials was a Doritos tortilla chips advert which cost only about $500 to make. Altogether, around 60 commercials were broadcast throughout the game, with prices up to $4 million for 30-second slots.
Zadanie 8. (0–4)
Przeczytaj tekst. Uzupełnij każdą lukę jednym wyrazem, tak aby powstał spójny i logiczny tekst. Wymagana jest pełna poprawność gramatyczna i ortograficzna wpisywanych wyrazów.
Zadanie 8.1.
Should we think of the newspaper as an everlasting institution? It might seem that the newspaper was born many generations ago and, very recently, had no competition. Of course this is not true.
Zadanie 8.2.
In the 1920s, it was the invention of the radio was supposed to kill the newspaper. Then it was TV news and the Internet. The newspaper has evolved and adapted. One of the examples of such changes is the disappearance of the evening edition newspaper due to TV news.
Zadanie 8.3.
Visions of what newspapers might like in the future varied throughout the 20 th century.
Zadanie 8.4.
In the 21 st century they’ve taken the form of a multimedia product that lives on your tablet. One thing is certain – newspapers will continue to evolve for many decades come, becoming more and more technologically advanced.
adapted from www.blogs.smithsonianmag.com
Zadanie 9. (0–4)
Uzupełnij zdania, wykorzystując podane w nawiasach wyrazy w odpowiedniej formie. Nie należy zmieniać kolejności podanych wyrazów, trzeba natomiast – jeżeli jest to konieczne – dodać inne wyrazy, tak aby otrzymać logiczne i gramatycznie poprawne zdania. Wymagana jest pełna poprawność ortograficzna wpisywanych fragmentów.
Uwaga: w każdą lukę możesz wpisać maksymalnie pięć wyrazów, wliczając w to wyrazy już podane.
Zadanie 9.1.
When I was a lecturer at university, I (use / speak / public) at least three times a week, but since I retired it has happened only occasionally.
Zadanie 9.2.
I have to write down this limerick. I won’t manage (learn / it / heart) in five minutes.
Zadanie 9.3.
The manager’s sarcastic comments (prevent / I / express) my opinion at the last meeting.
Zadanie 9.4.
If I knew how to ski, I (go / ski) with a group of friends last weekend.
adapted from www.blogs.smithsonianmag.com
Zadanie 10. (0–13)
Wypowiedz się na jeden z poniższych tematów. Wypowiedź powinna zawierać od 200 do 250 słów i spełniać wszystkie wymogi typowe dla formy wskazanej w poleceniu. Zaznacz temat, który wybrałeś(-aś), zakreślając jego numer.

1. Coraz częściej słyszymy o osobach, które decydują się wyruszyć samotnie na trudną wyprawę – opłynąć Ziemię, dotrzeć na biegun, zdobyć niedostępny szczyt itp. Napisz rozprawkę, w której przedstawisz wady i zalety odbycia takiej wyprawy samotnie.

2. Jedna z gazet ogłosiła konkurs na pomysł kampanii zachęcającej do oszczędzania wody. Napisz list do redakcji. Opisz w nim sytuację, dzięki której uświadomiłeś(-aś) sobie wagę tego problemu, i przedstaw swoją propozycję takiej kampanii.


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